Swat Valley historically known as Uddyana, a river valley and an administrative districtin the KPK ,Province of Pakistan. It is the upper valley of the Swat River, which rises in the Hindu Kush range. The capital of Swat is Saidu Sharif, but the main town in the Swat valley is Mingora. It was a state, the Yusafzai State of Swat, until 1969, when it was dissolved along with the states of Dir and Chitral and made part of KPK , then known as North West Frontier Province. The valley is populated mostly by ethnic Pashtuns and Gujjar and Kohistani communities. Nickname: Switzerland of the East.
The first Special Weapons And Tactics (SWAT) Unit consisted of 15 four-man teams. Members of each team, who volunteered from the ranks of patrol and other police assignments, had specialized experience and prior military service. Each unit was activated for monthly training or when the need for special weapons personnel actually arose. These units, known as “station defense teams,” provided security for police facilities during civil unrest.